刊物属性
  • 刊物名称:校园英语
  • 国内刊号:CN 13-1298/G4
  • 国际刊号:ISSN 1009-6426
  • 邮发代号: 18-116
  • 数据库收录:中国知网
  • 投稿邮箱:
      tougao@xiaoyuanyingyu.com
  • 时间:2020-04-22 来源:校园英语杂志社

    作者:刘丽
      【摘要】大学英语四级题型自2013年改革以来,将原来的完形填空改为选词填空。这一新题型一直是考生的难点。本文通过对四级真题的分析,探讨应对这一新题型的解题技巧,对大学英语教学课堂提供反思。
      【关键词】四级选词填空;解题技巧;大学英语教学课堂
      【作者简介】刘丽,女,汉口学院,副教授,研究方向:英语教学。
      2013年,全国大学英语四级考试题型进行了新一轮的改革。在完形填空这一题型上,以前的题型是四选一的单选题型,改革后变成从15个选项中选出10个对应文章的空缺。这无疑增加了考试难度。本文从四级真题出发,探讨如何应对这一新题型以及新题型对大学英语教学课程的反作用。
      一、选词填空题的特点
      选词填空这一题型设置方式是,从一篇220字左右的文章中,留出10个单词的空格,题目要求考生从给的15个备选单词中选出10个填入文章相应处,使句子表达正确,语义通顺。这一题型具备以下几个特点:首句不设空,一句话一般只设置一个空格;10个空格但是有15个选项;选词为实词,,即动词,形容词,副词,或者名词,并且选词不用变形。
      二、选词填空题的解题技巧
      本文选取大学英语四级考试2016年12月的选词填空题作为出发点,探讨这一题型的解题技巧。真题如下:
      When someone commits a criminal act, we always hope the punishment will match the offense. But when it comes to one of the cruelest crimes ─ animal fighting—things 26 work out that way. Dog-fighting victims are 27 and killed for profit and “sport,” yet their criminal abusers often receive a 28 sentence for causing a lifetime of pain. Roughly half of all federally-convicted animal fighters only get probation (緩刑).
      Some progress has been made in the prosecution (起诉) of animal fighters. But federal judges often rely heavily on the U. S. Sentencing Guide Lines when they 29 penalties, and in the case of animal fighting, those guidelines are outdated and extremely 30 .
      The U.S. Sentencing Commission, which 31 these sentencing guidelines, is revisiting them, proposing to raise the minimum sentence from 6 – 12 to 21 – 27 months. This is a step in the right 32, but we’d like to see the U. S. Sentencing Commission make further changes to the guidelines.
      Along with this effort, we’re working with animal advocates and state and federal lawmakers to 33 anti-cruelty laws across the country, as well as supporting laws and policies that assist overburdened animal 34 that care for animal fighting victims. This help is 35 important because the high cost of caring for animal victims is a major factor that prevents people from getting involved in cruelty cases in the first place.
      A. convenient
      B. creates
      C. critically
      D. determine
      E. direction
      F. hesitate
      G. inadequate
      H. inspired I. method
      J. minimal
      K. rarely
      L. shelters
      M. strengthen
      N. sufferings
      O. tortured
      针对这一真题,总结以下解题技巧:
      1. 浏览选项,标注词性。选项词性归类如下:形容词:A、G、J;动词:B、D、F、H、M、O;名词:E、I、L、N;副词:C、K。需要注意的是选项H. inspired和O. tortured均为动词的过去分词,这一类词比较特殊,可以表示动词的过去式,完成时,形容词以及表示被动这四种用法。
      2. 快速浏览首句,抓住文章主题。从文章第一句中的“hope”“punishment”“match”“offense”这些词我们不难看出文章主题与罪与罚相关,并且通过“我们希望判决与罪行匹配”这一句可以推断正文会出现罪与罚不一致的情况。