刊物属性
  • 刊物名称:校园英语
  • 国内刊号:CN 13-1298/G4
  • 国际刊号:ISSN 1009-6426
  • 邮发代号: 18-116
  • 数据库收录:中国知网
  • 投稿邮箱:
      tougao@xiaoyuanyingyu.com
  • 时间:2020-08-29 来源:校园英语杂志社

      【摘要】《飛蛾之死》是英国作家弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫的一篇短篇名作,十分细致地描述了一只飞蛾挣扎着与死亡作斗争的过程。文中的飞蛾作为对生死的隐喻,不仅揭示了生的意义,死亡中蕴含的英雄主义、悲剧性与不可抗的必然性,也传达了作者对于生命与死亡的认识——生死都只是自然法则中的一环。
      【关键词】弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫;飞蛾之死;生命;死亡
      【Abstract】 In“The Death of the Moth”, Virginia Woolf gives a detaileddescription of how a moth struggles against death. The moth in the essay, as a metaphor of both life and death, embodies the nature of life, reveals the heroic and tragic sides of death, and helps convey the author’s attitude towards life and death—both are merely one link of the law of nature.
      【Key words】Virginia Woolf; The Death of the Moth; death; life
      【作者简介】罗欣然,华东师范大学。
      While the depiction of death in literary works often features dramatic plots, Virginia Woolf’s “The Death of the Moth” approaches the theme of life and death from a smaller perspective. The essay limits the scene to a short time period and a fixed space, but contains a sense of immensity and vastness in the idea it expresses. The moth in the essay, as a metaphor of life and death, embodies the nature of life,, reveals the heroic and tragic sides of death, and helps convey the author’s attitude towards life and death.
      First, the moth embodies the nature of life, and exhibits a kind of heroism in his unremitting efforts to fight against death. Moths are trivial creatures, easily ignored by men. The moth in the essay, humbler by being one that flies by day, seems doomed to obscurity. Even though making nearly no difference and arousing little attention, it dances almost inexhaustibly and enjoys its life to the full. The moth, referred to as “he” by the author, is personified to highlight its animation and activeness: it is more than a creature subject to the formidable nature; it is a life, which is programmed to be free and splendid despite its insignificance. By singing praises for its own life and daring to defy fate, the moth illustrates what life is—to live, to strive, and to appreciate one’s own existence. The vitality it emanates in its weariless dance adds a hint of heroism to its death, which commands much respect.
      The moth also demonstrates the tragic side of death—its insiginificance compared with the outside world—and the tragedy is underscored by the contrast between the harmonious surroundings and the hard fate of the moth. While the moth is striving arduously for its life, the field outside features constant peace and pleasure: birds feed in the brooks and horses stand still, both ignorant and indifferent of what is happening to the moth. The tranquility remains undisturbed by the disaster descending on the poor creature, and even the final death of the moth does not agitate the slightest fluctuation outside. The moth has been all alone by itself, struggling against the insurmountable power of death. Whatever efforts it makes matter little to the outside world.