刊物属性
  • 刊物名称:校园英语
  • 国内刊号:CN 13-1298/G4
  • 国际刊号:ISSN 1009-6426
  • 邮发代号: 18-116
  • 数据库收录:中国知网
  • 投稿邮箱:
      tougao@xiaoyuanyingyu.com
  • 时间:2021-08-14 来源:校园英语杂志社

      【摘要】农村学生的视野及能力有限,因而深入挖掘英语教材中的戏剧素材并整合成课本剧是农村英语教学“因地制宜”的有效方法。本文主要探讨了戏剧教学法的发展、人教版教材改编为剧本的优势、如何利用教材改编课本剧、课本剧在农村英语课堂的应用及其意义。
      【关键词】戏剧教学法;课本剧;农村中学英语课堂
      【作者简介】许春雨(1985.03-),女,汉族,河北人,云南省安宁市太平学校,一级中学教师,本科。
      一、引言
      《义务教育英语课程标准》(2011年版)指出:现代外语教育注重语言学习的过程,强调语言学习的实践性,主张学生在语境中接触、体验和理解真实语言,并在此基础上学习和运用语言。戏剧是融入了听觉、视觉、言语和肢体语言的一种艺术表达形式,它承载着英语学习最重要的几个要素。戏剧教学法源于英国;在美国,受杜威教育思想的影响,“创造性戏剧”教学法风靡全美; 台湾张晓华将美国的教育戏剧概括为“以戏剧为主的单科戏剧教学”;在20世纪初,中国学者进行认真的研究与探索,并提出将戏剧引入课堂。
      二、 用教材改编课本剧的方法及在农村英语课堂应用策略
      1. 人教版初中英语教材编写剧本的方法与策略:人教版英语新目标Go for it 教材初中五册书每一个单元都根据一个话题展开,分为Section A 和Section B 两部分。Section A 注重听说的练习,Section B 则注重读写练习。七年级上下册的Section A 是围绕Target language来进行的听说练习,所以改写较为容易。以七下Unit 6 “I'm watching TV”Section A (P32)为例:本单元Section A 的2a 和2b 部分讲述Jack 和Steven打电话讨论正在做什么的听力练习,而2c 是有关Laura 和Jenny 打电话讨论正在做什么的对话,可以整合成由三个人物、两个场景组成的小话剧,如下:
      Scene  1
      (Laura is making a call with Jenny.)
      Jenny: Hello! This is Jenny speaking.
      Laura: Hi, Jenny. It's Laura. What are you doing?
      Jenny: Not much. I am just washing clothes. What about you?
      Laura: I'm watching TV. But it's boring. Let's watch a movie.
      Jenny: That's a good idea! Why not ask Steven to go with us ?
      Laura: OK. I'll call him.
      Scene  2
      (Laura is making a call with Steven.)
      Laura: Hello!Is that Steven speaking?
      Steven: Yes.Who is that?
      Laura: Laura speaking. Do you want to go to the movies with me?
      Steven: That sounds good! What is Jenny doing now?
      Laura: She is washing clothes. Are you reading a book now?
      Steven: Yes. But it is not interesting. I like going to the movies with you.
      Laura: That's great! See you later.
      八年級的3a阅读部分,也可以整合成话剧。以八下Unit 3 Section A 3a为例,文章叙述的是母子间因家务产生矛盾及解决的过程,有很强的生活气息,可以整合成由2个场景组成的小话剧:
      Scene  1
      (The son came back from school and was tired. The mom came over.)
      Mom: Could you please take the dog for a walk ?
      Son: Could I watch one show first?
      Mom (angrily): No! You watch TV all the time and never help out around the house! I can't work all day and do housework all evening!
      Son: Well, I work all day at school, too. I'm just as tired as you are.
      (The mother didn't say anything and walk away. For one week,, she didn't  do any housework and neither did the son.)
      Scene  2
      (Son couldn't find a clean shirt or a dish. Then he cleaned the room. )
      Mom: What happened ?