刊物属性
  • 刊物名称:校园英语
  • 国内刊号:CN 13-1298/G4
  • 国际刊号:ISSN 1009-6426
  • 邮发代号: 18-116
  • 数据库收录:中国知网
  • 投稿邮箱:
      tougao@xiaoyuanyingyu.com
  • 时间:2022-09-21 来源:校园英语杂志社

      摘 要:随着新高考方案的颁布,小说阅读对英语写作的作用不言而喻,“双减”政策的实施,也使学生的课外小说阅读获得了有力的时间保障。本文结合学生的现有学习时间、学习能力和兴趣爱好,在深入研究新高考题型特点的基础上,紧密结合高考读后续写各类场景,设计指导学生深度阅读原版小说A Dog's Purpose(《一条狗的使命》)的部分节选,解析小说文体的写作特点,提升学生小说阅读的解构能力。并在实践中点拨分类积累语言素材的方法,使学生学会欣赏原汁原味的语言表达,在“悦读”体验中重新建构篇章,将语言正确运用到适当的场景中,以此促进读后续写能力的提升。
      关键词:悦读;以读促写;小说阅读
      一、实施背景
      高中英语课程标准提出“广泛阅读可以让学生体验更丰富的语篇文体,如对话、小说、传记等,使他们逐步养成良好的阅读习惯、通过阅读发展阅读能力,通过阅读学习语言和人文、科学知识、通过阅读拓展思维、提高审美、鉴赏和评价的能力”。其次,根据教育部要求,在义务教育学校全面推行“5+2”课后服务模式,坚决禁止、严肃查处将课后服务变成集体学科教学或补课的问题,赋予了学生更充分、自由的时间支配权利,也为教师系统有效地开展小说阅读活动提出了明确要求和有力的时间保障。英美经典文学小说阅读不仅为学生的语言学习提供了真实的阅读场景,极大程度上提升学生的阅读技能和阅读品格,拓展其阅读视野,同时也能够培养学生的文化意识和文学鉴赏能力,提高跨文化交际能力。因此,笔者结合学生的现有学习能力、兴趣爱好以及新高考题型的要求,通过遴选合适的原版小说,合理设计阅读方案,展开阅读指导活动,引领学生理解、欣赏所学内容的语言美和意蕴美,逐步加大阅读深度和广度。
      二、课堂实践
      (一)教學目标
      1.通过多样的小说阅读圈活动,掌握与人与动物的互动及和营救相关的词汇及场景描绘,培养探究意识和发散性思维。鉴于学生学习时间的局限性和阅读材料选择的盲目性,在写作前教师需精心选择语篇材料,为学生扫除背景知识和语言表达方面的障碍。
      2.引导细节阅读,掌握丰富的场景描述手段,能够熟练、恰当、得体地进行细节描绘,增强语言表现力
      3.组织学生进行小组交流和合作互评,最大化巩固学习成果,提升学习效果。
      4.通过小说阅读感知中西文化差异,升华人与社会,人与自然的主题意义,同时弥合文化信息沟。
      (二) 教学重难点
      1.怎样提取语篇关键信息,围绕主题展开合理想象
      2.如何进行切入微视角,展开大特写,赋予语言画面感
      (三) 教学流程示意图
      One afternoon I was drowsily watching my siblings (Sister & Fast) yank on a piece of cloth they'd found when my ears perked up —— an animal of some kind was approaching, something large and loud. Before I scrambled to my feet and raced down to investigate the noise, I found Mother was there, her body stiff with warning. Normally, if we saw a person, Mother would freeze, her shoulders tense, ready to run.
      When the human faces appeared at either end of the culvert, both of them had poles with ropes looped on the end. They appeared threatening, and I felt Mother's panic boil over. Her claws scrabbled, her head down, aiming for the space between the legs of one of the men. The pole came down, there was a quick snap,, and then my mother was twisting and jerking as the man hauled her out into the sunlight.
      We darted in all directions, but there was no way to escape. At a complete loss what to do next, I stood rooted, staring up at the road. I didn't run; I didn't move. I allowed the loop of rope to slip over my face and tightened on my neck. The pole guided me up the riverbank, where the man seized me by the scruff of the neck.
      “He's okay; he's okay,” a woman with long white hair stood there above us, her face wrinkled in kindness. Reluctantly, the man lifted the rope off my neck. The woman offered her hands to me: rough, leathery palms coated with flowery smell. I sniffed them, then lowered my head. A clear sense of caring and concern radiated off of her.

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