刊物属性
  • 刊物名称:校园英语
  • 国内刊号:CN 13-1298/G4
  • 国际刊号:ISSN 1009-6426
  • 邮发代号: 18-116
  • 数据库收录:中国知网
  • 投稿邮箱:
      tougao@xiaoyuanyingyu.com
  • 时间:2020-12-16 来源:校园英语杂志社

      【Abstract】In order to investigate the effect of English learning time on both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of English major undergraduate students, a questionnaire adapted from Gardner’s (2004) Attitude/Motivation Test Battery (AMI) is used to collect data from 38 English major undergraduates including freshmen and seniors in a university in Wuhan. Through data analysis, it is found that English major seniors have stronger intrinsic motivation whilst English major freshmen have stronger extrinsic motivation.
      【Key words】intrinsic motivation; extrinsic motivation; English major undergraduates
      【作者簡介】崔若琰,武汉大学外国语言文学学院。
      1. Introduction
      Motivation has been regarded as one of the powerful personality factors influencing English learning along with other affective factors, such as self-esteem, inhibition, risk-taking, anxiety, empathy and so forth. It is “probably the most frequently used catch-all term for explaining the success or failure of virtually any complex task”.
      Gardner and Lambert (1972) distinguish between integrative and instrumental motivation. “Yet another but perhaps the most powerful dimension of the whole motivation construct in general is the degree to which learners are intrinsically or extrinsically motivated to succeed in a task”.
      Deci (1975) defines intrinsic motivation: “Intrinsically motivated activities are ones for which there is no apparent reward except the activity itself”. Pintrich and Schunk (2002) define intrinsic motivation as “motivation to engage in an activity for its own sake” [3]. Extrinsic motivation refers to “motivation to engage in an activity as a means to an end” , exemplified in people behaving in particular ways to obtain a reward from the surroundings, including material reward, such as money, prizes and grades, and mental reward like positive feedback.
      The focus of this study is on the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of English major freshmen and seniors. The following research questions will be addressed:
      Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation, which one is stronger among the English major freshmen and seniors?
      Is there any difference in the levels of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for learning English between freshmen and seniors?
      2. Research methodology
      2.1 Participants
      The participants are 38 English major undergraduates of a university in Wuhan, including 19 freshmen and 19 seniors.
      2.2 Research instrument