刊物属性
  • 刊物名称:校园英语
  • 国内刊号:CN 13-1298/G4
  • 国际刊号:ISSN 1009-6426
  • 邮发代号: 18-116
  • 数据库收录:中国知网
  • 投稿邮箱:
      tougao@xiaoyuanyingyu.com
  • 时间:2020-08-29 来源:校园英语杂志社

      【摘要】許多评论家对《寂静的春天》一书及其作者蕾切尔·卡森发表过评论,应当指出,,他们的评论受到他们自身利益、地位和职业的影响,过于主观。只有人们意识到并承认他们在破坏环境方面的错误时,才能对这本书作出客观的评价。
      【关键词】寂静的春天;蕾切尔·卡森;评论
      【作者简介】李如意,清华大学生命科学学院。
      In 1962, Rachel Carson published her book Silent Spring after four years of investigating and researching. It depicts the environmental pollution and ecological destruction caused by overusing pesticides and fertilizers, eventually bringing catastrophes to the world, which sounds the alarm for human beings. However, the book has not been understood by everyone and even received some critiques. The root reason of why this book is so controversial is that it has intruded on the interests of chemical engineering industry, as the publish of that book blocked their way of increasing profits. Therefore, subjective comments were made to criticize the book. Only when people admit what they are doing—that is destroying the environment and themselves—will they authentically appreciate and value Silent Springand will they make objective evaluation about it, in spite of their own interests and identities.
      Undeniably, Silent Spring is regarded by millions of people as a milestone of arousing people’s awareness of environmental protection. It is beautifully written with vivid descriptions and abundant statistics and analysis. In Chapter 1, Rachel Carson gives us a short story that describes the changes and development of a town, before and after using pesticides and being polluted. The town is depicted so delicately that readers can feel “oak and maple and birth set up a blaze of color that flamed and flickered” just in front of their eyes. While in Chapter 3, Rachel Carson carefully introduces a chemical that has been talked about all through the book—DDT. She provides the component of atoms of that chemical and uses statistics and exact numbers to tell the readers its properties, such as how much it can be stored per kilogram of intake. According to Tim Radford, a freelance journalist from United Kingdom, Silent Spring “is brilliantly written: clear, controlled and authoritative, with confident poetical flourish that suddenly illuminate pages of cool exposition”.
      But in fact, apart from a number of praises and supports, some negative feedbacks did exist after the book came out and most of them come from chemical engineering industry. Chemical engineering industry earns a lot from producing pesticides and selling them out to famers and other people or companies in the agricultural field. There is statistics showing that over 85 percent of profits derived from pesticides production and profits are likely to increase rapidly year by year. In the book, however, Rachel Carson spares no effort to cast light on the destructive effects of pesticides and calls on people to avoid purchasing them. The book would cause furious unsatisfaction and rage from the operators of chemical engineering industry without doubt.