刊物属性
  • 刊物名称:校园英语
  • 国内刊号:CN 13-1298/G4
  • 国际刊号:ISSN 1009-6426
  • 邮发代号: 18-116
  • 数据库收录:中国知网
  • 投稿邮箱:
      tougao@xiaoyuanyingyu.com
  • 时间:2019-04-13 来源:校园英语杂志社

    作者:金琳
      【摘要】继《浙江省深化高校考试招生制度综合改革试点方案》正式出台后,2016年10月迎来了首次新高考。其试题与往届最大区别在于出现了新的写作题型——读后续写。写作,不再是纯粹的写,而是需要把读和写结合,要求学生在读后理解的基础上再进行构思表达,使故事完整;不再是简单地翻译题目要求,使用若干衔接词,运用高级词汇句式,而是更注重语篇的连贯性,情节的合理性及语言的丰富性。其中,场景描写是故事续写的重点之一。如何达到这样的要求是一线英语教师们正在努力和积极探索的。而本篇文章以首次新高考写作试题为载体,旨在指导学生运用场景描写来提高写作表达能力。
      【关键词】场景描写;读后续写;高考试题;动态场景;静态场景
      【作者简介】金琳,浙江省宁波市鄞州高级中学。
      一、了解场景描写常见类型
      1.动态场景和静态场景。动态场景有描写声音的(例1),也有描写动作的(例2)。
      例1:Somewhere, a branch snapped, an owl hooted. The wind, soft and cold, clicked through tree branches, from below, the faint sound of water tumbling through the valley.
      例2:I climbed the fence and jumped onto the muddy field a few feet away from my house and started running towards the bus stop at top speed.
      而静态场景多以描写静物为主,如客观物件,自然景观,静态环境(例3)。
      例3:The house was very old and shabby, and its owner was hardly ever seen to come out.
      2.社会场景和自然场景。社会场景包括生活、工作、家庭、活动等各种非自然场景。如:At least two dozen kites already hung in the sky, like paper sharks roaming for prey. Within an hour, the number doubled, the red, blue, and yellow kites glided and spun in the sky.
      而所谓的自然场景就是对自然环境的描写。如:By three o’clock, the rain had stopped and the sky was a curdled gray burdened with lumps of clouds. A cool breeze blew through the park.
      二、2016年十月高考试题原材料场景描写分析
      One weekend in July, Jane and her husband, Tom,, had driven three hours to camp overnight by a lake in the forest. Unfortunately, on the way an unpleasant subject came up and they started to quarrel. By the time they reached the lake, Jane was so angry that she said to Tom. “I’m going to find a better spot for us to camp” and walked away. (动作场景:驱车、吵架、生气。)
      With no path to follow, Jane just walked on for quite a long time. After she had climbed to a high place, she turned around, hoping to see the lake. To her surprise, she saw nothing but forest and, far beyond, a snowcapped mountain top. She suddenly realized that she was lost. (自然場景:无路可走,一片森林,远处的雪山;动作场景:爬上高地,回头,看。)
      Jane rose at the break of day, hungry and thirsty. She could hear water trickling (滴落) somewhere at a distance. Quickly she followed the sound to a stream. To her great joy, she also saw some berry bushes. She drank and ate a few berries. Never in her life had she tasted anything better. Feeling stronger now, Jane began to walk along the stream and hope it would lead her to the lake. (社会场景:起床,又饿又渴;动态场景:水声,跟随,看到,喝,吃,继续走。)
      所给段首:
      Paragraph 1: But no more helicopters came and it was getting dark again.