刊物属性
  • 刊物名称:校园英语
  • 国内刊号:CN 13-1298/G4
  • 国际刊号:ISSN 1009-6426
  • 邮发代号: 18-116
  • 数据库收录:中国知网
  • 投稿邮箱:
      tougao@xiaoyuanyingyu.com
  • 时间:2019-05-01 来源:校园英语杂志社

    作者:朱莉
      定语从句是高中,乃至所有英语学习阶段的必须要掌握的语法,是学习其它从句的先决条件。掌握了定语从句,我们分析句子结构的能力就会提高,从而不但语法题的得分会提高,完形、阅读理解的中出现的长难句的理解也会迎刃而解,更不用说在写作时,我们使用它能写出很多漂亮的句子来了。那对于高三学生来讲应该怎样复习定语从句呢?我想,如大家能记住如下几个注意点,考试应该不在有问题了。
      定语从句的注意事项:
      1.结构:先行词+关系词+句子 (先看先行词,再看从句中缺什么成分,最后确定什么关系词)。
      2.关系代词 who, whom, which, that, whose, as.
      关系副词 when, where, why.
      注意:what ,how, whether 不引导定语从句。
      3.关系代词的省略。
      (1)关系代词在限制性定语从句中作宾语时,可以省略。
      1)This is the factory (which/that)your father once worked in.
      2)关系代词在限定性定语从句中作表语时可以省略, 如果不省,不管先行词是人还是物,用that.
      He is no longer the boy (that)he was ten years ago.
      3)定语从句中如有be 动词,那就可以省略作主语的关系代词和be 动词。有时,如定语从句中的动词是个连续性动词,则关系代词省略,动词改为此动词的ing形式。
      Do you know the person who is talking to your sister at the gate?
      = Do you know the person __________to your sister at the gate?
      4.关系代词只能用that的情况。
      (1)关系代词是不定代词all, everything, anything, much, little, nothing, none, etc.
      (2)先行词被the only, just the ,, the very, all, any, much, few, little, no,等修饰时。
      (3)先行词被序数词和形容词的最高级所修饰时。
      (4)先行词既有人又有物。
      (5)当主句是以who 或which 开头的特殊疑问句时(为避免重复)。
      (6)从句中缺表语(不管先行词是人还是物 )。
      (7)在the way后面,有三种情况:可用that, in which或省略。
      5.关系代词在从句中用作主语时,多用who 较少用that。
      (1)关系代词在从句中做主语 A friend who helps you in time of need is a real friend.
      (2)先行词为those , anyone ,all, ones , one ,people 时
      Those who were either fools or unfit for their offices could not see the cloth .
      (3)在There be句型中 There is a stranger who wants to see you .
      (4)在被分隔的定語从句中 A new teacher will come tomorrow who will teach you German .
      (5)在有两个定语从句的句子中,其一用who,其二用that,但若先行词后接两个以上的并列定语从句时,后一个必须重复前一个关系代词。The student ____ was praised at the meeting is the monitor _____is very modest and studies very hard .
      There is a teacher _______ is always ready to help others and ______ enjoys what he does .
      6.关系代词as 的用法。
      (1)as引导限制性定语从句。在the same——as; such——as; as——as ; so——as 结构中,表示同类异物
      I have got the same dictionary __________ you have.
      区别:
      He is so nice a student ______ we all like him.
      He is so nice a student ______ we all like.
      注意:有时用这样的结构”the same--- that” 表示同类同物。
      This is the same pen _______I lost yesterday. Please return it to me.
      He didn’t take the pen, because it was only the same pen _____ he had lost.
      (2)as 可以引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面整个句子,往往放在主句的前面,也可中间或后面。从句多用被动语态, as is the case (像往常一样),as is expected (正如所料)